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Galvanized steel pipes are divided into cold galvanized steel pipes and hot-dip galvanized steel pipes. Cold galvanized steel pipes have been banned. In the 1960s and 1970s, developed countries in the world began to develop new types of pipes and gradually banned galvanized pipes. Four ministries and commissions including the Ministry of Construction of China have also issued a document stating that galvanized pipes are prohibited from being used as water supply pipes since 2000. Galvanized pipes are rarely used for cold water pipes in newly built communities, and galvanized pipes are used for hot water pipes in some communities. Hot-dip galvanized steel pipes have a wide range of applications in fire protection, power and highways. Galvanized steel pipe is a welded steel pipe with a hot-dip galvanized or electro-galvanized layer on the surface. Galvanizing can increase the corrosion resistance of steel pipes and prolong the service life. Galvanized pipes are widely used. In addition to being used as pipeline pipes for general low-pressure fluids such as water, gas, and oil, they are also used as oil well pipes and oil pipes in the petroleum industry, especially in offshore oil fields, and oil heaters and condensers in chemical coking equipment. Pipes for coolers, coal distillation washing oil exchangers, and pipes for trestle piles, supporting frames for mine tunnels, etc.
Hot-dip galvanization is a form of galvanization. It is the process of coating iron and steel with zinc, which alloys with the surface of the base metal when immersing the metal in a bath of molten zinc at a temperature of around 450 °C ( 842 °F). When exposed to the atmosphere, the pure zinc (Zn) reacts with oxygen (O2) to form zinc oxide (ZnO), which further reacts with carbon dioxide (CO2) to form zinc carbonate (ZnCO3), a usually dull grey, fairly strong material that protects the steel underneath from further corrosion in many circumstances. Galvanized steel is widely used in applications where corrosion resistance is needed without the cost of stainless steel, and is considered superior in terms of cost and life-cycle. It can be identified by the crystallization patterning on the surface (often called a “spangle”). Galvanized steel can be welded; however, one must exercise caution around the resulting toxic zinc fumes. Galvanized fumes are released when the galvanized metal reaches a certain temperature. This temperature varies by the galvanization process used. In long-term, continuous exposure, the recommended maximum temperature for hot-dip galvanized steel is 200 °C (392 °F), according to the American Galvanizers Association. The use of galvanized steel at temperatures above this will result in peeling of the zinc at the inter metallic layer. Electrogalvanized sheet steel is often used in automotive manufacturing to enhance the corrosion performance of exterior body panels; this is, however, a completely different process which tends to achieve lower coating thicknesses of zinc.
Hot dipped galvanized steel pipes are made by reacting the molten metal with the iron matrix to produce an alloy layer, so that the matrix and the coating are combined. Hot-dip galvanizing is to first pickle the steel pipe to remove iron oxide on the surface of the steel pipe. After pickling, it is cleaned in a tank of ammonium chloride or zinc chloride aqueous solution or a mixed aqueous solution of ammonium chloride and zinc chloride, and then sent to a hot dip plating tank. Hot-dip galvanizing has the advantages of uniform coating, strong adhesion and long service life. The hot-dip galvanized steel pipe substrate undergoes complex physical and chemical reactions with the molten bath to form a corrosion-resistant zinc-iron alloy layer with a tight structure. The alloy layer is integrated with the pure zinc layer and the steel pipe matrix, so it has strong corrosion resistance. Hot dipped galvanized steel pipes are widely used in construction, machinery, coal mines, chemicals, electric power, railway vehicles, automobile industry, highways, bridges, containers, sports facilities, agricultural machinery, petroleum machinery, prospecting machinery, greenhouse construction and other manufacturing industries.
Stainless steel pipe is a kind of hollow long round steel, which is mainly used in industrial transportation pipelines and mechanical structural components such as petroleum, chemical industry, medical treatment, food, light industry, mechanical instrument and so on. In addition, when the bending and torsional strength are the same, the weight is lighter, so it is also widely used in the manufacture of mechanical parts and engineering structures. It is also commonly used as furniture and kitchenware. There are various connection methods for stainless steel pipes. The common types of pipe fittings are compression type, compression type, union type, push type, push thread type, socket welding type, union flange connection, welding type and welding and traditional connection. Combined derivative series connection method. These connection methods have different application scopes according to their different principles, but most of them are easy to install, firm and reliable. The sealing ring or gasket material used for the connection is mostly made of silicone rubber, nitrile rubber and EPDM rubber that meet the requirements of national standards, which relieves users from worries.
Scaffolding, also called scaffold or staging, is a temporary structure used to support a work crew and materials to aid in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings, bridges and all other man-made structures. Scaffolds are widely used on site to get access to heights and areas that would be otherwise hard to get to. Unsafe scaffolding has the potential to result in death or serious injury. Scaffolding is also used in adapted forms for formwork and shoring, grandstand seating, concert stages, access/viewing towers, exhibition stands, ski ramps, half pipes and art projects. There are five main types of scaffolding used worldwide today. These are tube and coupler (fitting) components, prefabricated modular system scaffold components, H-frame / façade modular system scaffolds, timber scaffolds and bamboo scaffolds (particularly in China and India). Each type is made from several components which often include: A base jack or plate which is a load-bearing base for the scaffold; The standard, the upright component with connector joins; The ledger, a horizontal brace; The transom, a horizontal cross-section load-bearing component which holds the batten, board, or decking unit; Brace diagonal and/or cross section bracing component; Batten or board decking component used to make the working platform; Coupler, a fitting used to join components together; Scaffold tie, used to tie in the scaffold to structures; Brackets, used to extend the width of working platforms.
Steel coil, also known as coil steel. The steel is hot-pressed and cold-pressed into rolls. In order to facilitate storage and transportation, it is convenient to carry out various processing (such as processing into steel plates, steel strips, etc.). Formed coils are mainly hot-rolled coils and cold-rolled coils. Hot rolled coil is the processed product before the recrystallization of the steel billet. Cold rolled coil is the subsequent processing of hot rolled coil. The general weight of the steel coil is about 15-30T. my country’s hot rolling production capacity has been continuously expanded. There are already dozens of hot rolling production lines, and some projects are about to start construction or put into production.
The hot rolled steel plate is made of continuous casting slab or blooming slab as raw material, heated in a walking furnace, descaled by high-pressure water, and then sent to the rough rolling mill. Rolling, laminar cooling (computer-controlled cooling rate) and coiling by coiler after finishing rolling. The head and tail of the straight hair curler are often tongue-shaped and fish-tail-shaped, with poor thickness and width accuracy, and the edges often have defects such as wave shape, folded edge, and tower shape. The coil weight is heavier, and the inner diameter of the steel coil is 760mm. It has good processing performance and compressive strength, and is used to produce high-pressure gas pressure vessels filled with LPG, acetylene gas and various gases with an inner volume of less than 500L.